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Analys

SEB – Råvarukommentarer vecka 26 2012

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SEB Banken - Veckans råvarukommentarer - Prognoser

Sammanfattning: Denna vecka

  • Brett råvaruindex: +2,74%
    UBS Bloomberg CMCI TR Index
  • Energi: +1,05%
    UBS Bloomberg CMCI Energy TR Index
  • Ädelmetaller: +0,18%
    UBS Bloomberg CMCI Precious Metals TR Index
  • Industrimetaller: +1,44%
    UBS Bloomberg CMCI Industrial Metals TR Index
  • Jordbruk: +6,44%
    UBS Bloomberg CMCI Agriculture TR Index

Kortsiktig marknadsvy:

  • Guld: Neutral/köp
  • Olja: Neutral/köp
  • Koppar: Neutral
  • Majs: Köp
  • Vete: Köp

Guld

Guldpris-historik - Comex

Fokus i veckan har riktats mot gårdagens och dagens EU-toppmöte. Tongångarna mellan ledarna har varit skarpa och den rådande oenigheten är stor, framförallt vad gäller möjligheten till en framtida fiskal integration, något som skulle inskränka ländernas nationella självbestämmande. Möjligheterna att EU-ledarna ska komma fram till några tydliga beslut måste betraktas som små. Idag på morgon är det övervägande positiv stämning som överväger det negativa sentiment som rådde igår. Natten till idag enades ledarna att några nödvändiga punkter som börjar likna en krisplan.

Oron för Spanien fortsätter och i veckan kom dessutom formella ansökningar om stöd från både Cypern och Spanien.

I Grekland är en ny regering på plats och det finns förmodligen ett visst utrymme för att man ska komma överens med sina långivare om smärre lättnader i villkoren för stödlånen.

Guldet har backat 0,10 procent under veckan. Vi anser inte att guldrally är troligt men att vi kommer se högre priser på kort sikt.

Teknisk analys: Tillbaka under 55d bandet.
Något förvånande, i.a.f. för undertecknad, föll den gula metallen tillbaka under 55dagars bandet, något som gör att vi måste vara lite försiktigare. Fortfarande gäller att så länge vi inte bryter under decembers botten, 1521, så kvarstår den generellt positiva vyn. Förnyad styrka utlöses vid uppgång över 1634.

Teknisk analys på guldpriset den 29 juni 2012

Olja

Oljepris-historik 2011 / 2012

Priset på Brentolja steg 2,3 procent under veckan och handlade vid fler tillfällen under 90 dollar nivån. En av orsakerna till det fallande oljepriset är det utbudsöverskott som vi ser för tillfället.

Den pågående strejken bland norska oljearbetare minskar oljeproduktionen med cirka 200 000 fat per dag vilket ger stöd åt priset.

EU-ländernas embargo mot Iran träder i kraft nästa vecka. Försäkringsbolag i Europa är förbjudna att försäkra oljefrakt från Iran. Effekterna av sanktionerna mot Iran börjar bli kännbara för landets invånare och dess regim. En mycket försvårande omständighet för landet är kraftigt ökade spannmålspriser på världsmarknaden vilka bidrar till att hålla inflationen hög.

American Petroleum Institute publicerade i tisdags den inofficiella statistiken över amerikanska oljelager vilken visade att lagren av råolja steg med 0,5 miljoner fat förra veckan. Statistiken från USA:s energidepartement, DOE, inkom i onsdags och visade att lagren av råolja sjönk med ringa 0,1 miljoner fat under förra veckan.

Positiva nyheter från EU-toppmötet och en fortsatt försvagning av dollarn kan snabbt ge ett Brentpris över hundra dollar. På kort sikt ser det fortsatt osäkert ut.

Teknisk analys: Ramlade ned i falluckan.
En ny stark säljsignal utlöstes i och med förra veckans stängning. Då vi nu fallit igenom huvudstödet sätter vi ett nytt medelsiktigt mål runt $78. Uppgångar förväntas bli temporära och inte orka mycket mer än 96.50 området samt om de inträffar utnyttjas till att sälja.

Teknisk analys på oljepriset den 29 juni 2012

Koppar

Kopparpris-historik 2011 / 2012

Kopparpriset steg 3,2 procent under veckan.

I onsdags publicerades kontrakterade hus affärer i USA vilka överraskade positivt och kopparpriset steg på siffrorna. Antalet nya kontrakt om köp av befintliga bostäder i USA steg med 5,9 procent i maj jämfört med föregående månad. Det framgår av National Association of Realtors, NAR, index över kontrakterade husaffärer.

På grund av risken för inflation i Kina om matpriser fortsätter att stiga kan kinesiska myndigheter som följd avvakta med de stimulanser man tidigare annonserat vilket skulle påverka kopparpriset negativt.

Med en europeisk skuldkris som fortsätter skapa stor osäkerhet och allmänt sett svag makrostatistik med en långsam återhämtning i USA och en inbromsning i Kina är risken stor att kopparpriset ligger kvar på nuvarande nivåer på kort sikt.

Teknisk analys: Nacklinjen nästa.
Den mindre uppgång som vi såg som ytterst korrektiv har nu avslutats och marknaden följaktligen vänt nedåt. Nästa viktiga steg kommer att bli ett test av nacklinjen (av den stora huvud-skuldra formation som nu befinner sig i sitt slutskede (nickel o alu har redan brutit ned från liknande toppformationer) och ett brott (troligt) bör få långtgående implikationer för kopparpriset.

Teknisk analys på kopparpriset den 29 juni 2012

Majs

Majspris-historik 2011 / 2012

Amerikansk majs har handlats upp kraftigt p.g.a. av den allvarliga torka som råder i USA och majsen fortsätter att handla på höga nivåer. Bristen på fukt kan komma påverka kvalitén negativt. Majspriset steg 15 procent under veckan och det är en helt väderrelaterad prisökning.

Spreaden mellan juliterminskontraktet och decemberterminskontraktet har minskat till 20-månaders lägsta eftersom priset på närliggande terminskontrakt stigit kraftigt p.g.a. ökad oro för den kommande skörden.

I Europa är däremot vädret betydligt mera gynnsamt.

Enligt USDA crop report för den amerikanska majsen är andelen good/excellent 56 procent, jämfört med 63 procent föregående vecka. Samma period föregående år låg nivåerna på 70 procent.

Andelen poor/very poor låg på 14 procent, förra veckan 9 procent jämfört med samma period förra året då nivån låg på 9 procent.

Ser man till hedgefonder och spekulanter är de enligt US Commodity Futures Trading Commission fortsatt försiktigt positionerade för högre priser med 70 715 utstående terminer och optioner i juni jämfört med ett två års genomsnitt på 257 000 kontrakt per månad.

Teknisk analys: Fortsatt rally.
Rallyt har fortsatt sedan förra veckan och därigenom ökat på den positiva bilden pga 1) att vi nu passerat 55dagars bandet samt 2) att vi passerat föregående rekyltopp. Sammantaget finner vi att sannolikheten för ytterligare uppgång ser bra ut varför vi rekommenderar att köpa ett återtest av brottet av majtoppen.

Teknisk analys på majspriset den 29 juni 2012

Vete

Vetepris-historik 2011 / 2012

Jordbrukssektorn har fortsatt högre under veckan. Förhållandena i de viktiga amerikanska odlingsområdena är fortsatt mycket torra och heta.

De senaste väderprognoserna håller fast vid hett och torrt väder och risken ökar för ytterligare skada/sämre skördar.

Enligt USDA crop report för vintervetet är andelen good/excellent 54 procent, samma siffra som föregående vecka. Samma period föregående år låg nivåerna på 25 procent.

För vårvetet är andelen good/excellent 77 procent jämfört med föregående vecka då det var 76 procent. Samma period föregående år var andelen 69 procent. I Europa gynnar regnet i de norra regionerna det planterade vetet medan det torra och varma vädret fortsätter i de södra delarna där skörden alltså kan fortgå utan problem.

I USA finns det på grund av torkan risker för skador men några större skador har ännu inte skett i praktiken. Situationen kan alltså förbättras snabbt om man får lite mer regn.

Teknisk analys: Upp i överljudsfart.
I en enastående hastighet har marknaden stigit sedan det senaste besöket i 55dagars bandet, vilket ligger helt i plan med vår vy, denna pekade som sagt var inte bara på ett återtest av 218.75 utan också att 2011 års topp, 231, ska passeras. Ligg lång men passopp om vi återvänder ned under den tidigare topplinjen.

Teknisk analys på vetepriset den 29 juni 2012

[box]SEB Veckobrev Veckans råvarukommentar är producerat av SEB Merchant Banking och publiceras i samarbete och med tillstånd på Råvarumarknaden.se[/box]

Disclaimer

The information in this document has been compiled by SEB Merchant Banking, a division within Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB (publ) (“SEB”).

Opinions contained in this report represent the bank’s present opinion only and are subject to change without notice. All information contained in this report has been compiled in good faith from sources believed to be reliable. However, no representation or warranty, expressed or implied, is made with respect to the completeness or accuracy of its contents and the information is not to be relied upon as authoritative. Anyone considering taking actions based upon the content of this document is urged to base his or her investment decisions upon such investigations as he or she deems necessary. This document is being provided as information only, and no specific actions are being solicited as a result of it; to the extent permitted by law, no liability whatsoever is accepted for any direct or consequential loss arising from use of this document or its contents.

About SEB

SEB is a public company incorporated in Stockholm, Sweden, with limited liability. It is a participant at major Nordic and other European Regulated Markets and Multilateral Trading Facilities (as well as some non-European equivalent markets) for trading in financial instruments, such as markets operated by NASDAQ OMX, NYSE Euronext, London Stock Exchange, Deutsche Börse, Swiss Exchanges, Turquoise and Chi-X. SEB is authorized and regulated by Finansinspektionen in Sweden; it is authorized and subject to limited regulation by the Financial Services Authority for the conduct of designated investment business in the UK, and is subject to the provisions of relevant regulators in all other jurisdictions where SEB conducts operations. SEB Merchant Banking. All rights reserved.

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Analys

Fear that retaliations will escalate but hopes that they are fading in magnitude

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SEB - analysbrev på råvaror

Brent crude spikes to USD 90.75/b before falling back as Iran plays it down. Brent crude fell sharply on Wednesday following fairly bearish US oil inventory data and yesterday it fell all the way to USD 86.09/b before a close of USD 87.11/b. Quite close to where Brent traded before the 1 April attack. This morning Brent spiked back up to USD 90.75/b (+4%) on news of Israeli retaliatory attack on Iran. Since then it has quickly fallen back to USD 88.2/b, up only 1.3% vs. ydy close.

Bjarne Schieldrop, Chief analyst commodities, SEB
Bjarne Schieldrop, Chief analyst commodities, SEB

The fear is that we are on an escalating tit-for-tat retaliatory path. Following explosions in Iran this morning the immediate fear was that we now are on a tit-for-tat escalating retaliatory path which in the could end up in an uncontrollable war where the US unwillingly is pulled into an armed conflict with Iran. Iran has however largely diffused this fear as it has played down the whole thing thus signalling that the risk for yet another leg higher in retaliatory strikes from Iran towards Israel appears low.

The hope is that the retaliatory strikes will be fading in magnitude and then fizzle out. What we can hope for is that the current tit-for-tat retaliatory strikes are fading in magnitude rather than rising in magnitude. Yes, Iran may retaliate to what Israel did this morning, but the hope if it does is that it is of fading magnitude rather than escalating magnitude.

Israel is playing with ”US house money”. What is very clear is that neither the US nor Iran want to end up in an armed conflict with each other. The US concern is that it involuntary is dragged backwards into such a conflict if Israel cannot control itself. As one US official put it: ”Israel is playing with (US) house money”. One can only imagine how US diplomatic phone lines currently are running red-hot with frenetic diplomatic efforts to try to defuse the situation.

It will likely go well as neither the US nor Iran wants to end up in a military conflict with each other. The underlying position is that both the US and Iran seems to detest the though of getting involved in a direct military conflict with each other and that the US is doing its utmost to hold back Israel. This is probably going a long way to convince the market that this situation is not going to fully blow up.

The oil market is nonetheless concerned as there is too much oil supply at stake. The oil market is however still naturally concerned and uncomfortable about the whole situation as there is so much oil supply at stake if the situation actually did blow up. Reports of traders buying far out of the money call options is a witness of that.

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Analys

Fundamentals trump geopolitical tensions

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SEB - analysbrev på råvaror

Throughout this week, the Brent Crude price has experienced a decline of USD 3 per barrel, despite ongoing turmoil in the Middle East. Price fluctuations have ranged from highs of USD 91 per barrel at the beginning of the week to lows of USD 87 per barrel as of yesterday evening.

Ole R. Hvalbye, Analyst Commodities, SEB
Ole R. Hvalbye, Analyst Commodities, SEB

Following the release of yesterday’s US inventory report, Brent Crude once again demonstrated resilience against broader macroeconomic concerns, instead focusing on underlying market fundamentals.

Nevertheless, the recent drop in prices may come as somewhat surprising given the array of conflicting signals observed. Despite an increase in US inventories—a typically bearish indicator—we’ve also witnessed escalating tensions in the Middle East, coupled with the reinstatement of US sanctions on Venezuela. Furthermore, there are indications of impending sanctions on Iran in response to the recent attack on Israel.

Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen has indicated that new sanctions targeting Iran, particularly aimed at restricting its oil exports, could be announced as early as this week. As previously highlighted, we maintain the view that Iran’s oil exports remain vulnerable even without further escalation of the conflict. It appears that Israel is exerting pressure on its ally, the US, to impose stricter sanctions on Iran, an action that is unfolding before our eyes.

Iran’s current oil production stands at close to 3.2 million barrels per day. Considering additional condensate production of about 0.8 million barrels per day and subtracting domestic demand of roughly 1.8 million barrels per day, the net export of Iranian crude and condensate is approximately 2.2 million barrels per day.

However, the uncertainty surrounding the enforcement of such sanctions casts doubt on the likelihood of a complete ending of Iranian exports. Approximately 80% of Iran’s exports are directed to independent refineries in China, suggesting that US sanctions may have limited efficacy unless China complies. The prospect of China resisting US pressure on its oil imports from Iran poses a significant challenge to US sanctions enforcement efforts.

Furthermore, any shortfall resulting from sanctions could potentially be offset by other OPEC nations with spare capacity. Saudi Arabia and the UAE, for instance, can collectively produce an additional almost 3 million barrels of oil per day, although this remains a contingency measure.

In addition to developments related to Iran, the Biden administration has re-imposed restrictions on Venezuelan oil, marking the end of a six-month reprieve. This move is expected to impact flows from the South American nation.

Meanwhile, US crude inventories (excluding SPR holdings) surged by 2.7 million barrels last week (page 11 attached), reaching their highest level since June of last year. This increase coincided with a decline in measures of fuel demand (page 14 attached), underscoring a slightly weaker US market.

In summary, while geopolitical tensions persist and new rounds of sanctions are imposed, our market outlook remains intact. We maintain our forecast of an average Brent Crude price of USD 85 per barrel for the year 2024. In the short term, however, prices are expected to hover around the USD 90 per barrel mark as they navigate through geopolitical uncertainties and fundamental factors.

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Analys

Brace for Covert Conflict

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SEB - analysbrev på råvaror

In the past two trading days, Brent Crude prices have fluctuated between highs of USD 92.2 per barrel and lows of USD 88.7 per barrel. Despite escalation tensions in the Middle East, oil prices have remained relatively stable over the past 24 hours. The recent barrage of rockets and drones in the region hasn’t significantly affected market sentiment regarding potential disruptions to oil supply. The key concern now is how Israel will respond: will it choose a strong retaliation to assert deterrence, risking wider regional instability, or will it revert to targeted strikes on Iran’s proxies in Lebanon, Syria, Yemen, and Iraq? While it’s too early to predict, one thing is clear: brace for increased volatility, uncertainty, and speculation.

Ole R. Hvalbye, Analyst Commodities, SEB
Ole R. Hvalbye, Analyst Commodities, SEB

Amidst these developments, the market continues to focus on current fundamentals rather than unfolding geopolitical risks. Despite Iran’s recent attack on Israel, oil prices have slid, reflecting a sideways or slightly bearish sentiment. This morning, oil prices stand at USD 90 per barrel, down 2.5% from Friday’s highs.

The attack

Iran’s launch of over 300 rockets and drones toward Israel marks the first direct assault from Iranian territory since 1991. However, the attack, announced well in advance, resulted in minimal damage as Israeli and allied forces intercepted nearly all projectiles. Hence, the damage inflicted was limited. The incident has prompted US President Joe Biden to urge Israel to exercise restraint, as part of broader efforts to de-escalate tensions in the Middle East.

Israel’s response remains uncertain as its war cabinet deliberates on potential courses of action. While the necessity of a response is acknowledged, the timing and magnitude remain undecided.

The attack was allegedly in retaliation for an Israeli airstrike on Iran’s consulate in Damascus, resulting in significant casualties, including a senior leader in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps’ elite Quds Force. It’s notable that this marks the first direct targeting of Israel from Iranian territory, setting the stage for heightened tensions between the two nations.

Despite the scale of the attack, the vast majority of Iranian projectiles were intercepted before reaching Israeli territory. However, a small number did land, causing minor damage to a military base in the southern region.

President Biden swiftly condemned Iran’s actions and pledged to coordinate a diplomatic response with leaders from the G7 nations. The US military’s rapid repositioning of assets in the region underscores the seriousness of the situation.

Iran’s willingness to escalate tensions further depends on Israel’s response, as indicated by General Mohammad Bagheri, chief of staff of the Iranian armed forces. Meanwhile, speculation about a retaliatory attack from Israel persists.

Looking ahead, key questions remain unanswered. Will Iran launch additional attacks? How will Israel respond, and what implications will it have for the region? Moreover, how will Iran’s allies react to the escalating tensions?

Given the potential for a full-scale war between Iran and Israel, concerns about its impact on global energy markets are growing. Both the United States and China have strong incentives to reduce tensions in the region, given the destabilizing effects of a regional conflict.

Our view in conclusion

The recent escalation between Iran and Israel underscores the delicate balance of power in the volatile Middle East. With tensions reaching unprecedented levels and the specter of further escalation looming, the potential for a full-blown conflict cannot be understated. The ramifications of such a scenario would be far-reaching and could have significant implications for regional stability and global security.

Turning to the oil market, there has been much speculation about the possibility of a full-scale blockade of the Strait of Hormuz in the event of further escalation. However, at present, such a scenario remains highly speculative. Nonetheless, it is crucial to note that Iran’s oil production and exports remain at risk even without further escalation. Currently producing close to 3.2 million barrels per day, Iran has significantly increased its production from mid-2020 levels of 1.9 million barrels per day.

In response to the recent attack, Israel may exert pressure on its ally, the US, to impose stricter sanctions on Iran. The enforcement of such sanctions, particularly on Iranian oil exports, could result in a loss of anywhere between 0.5 million to 1 million barrels per day of oil supply. This would likely keep the oil market in deficit for the remainder of the year, contradicting the Biden administration’s wish to maintain oil and gasoline prices at sustainable levels ahead of the election. While other OPEC nations have spare capacity, utilizing it would tighten the global oil market even further. Saudi Arabia and the UAE, for example, could collectively produce an additional almost 3 million barrels of oil per day if necessary.

Furthermore, both Iran and the US have expressed a desire to prevent further escalation. However, much depends on Israel’s response to the recent barrage of rockets. While Israel has historically refrained from responding violently to attacks (1991), the situation remains fluid. If Israel chooses not to respond forcefully, the US may be compelled to promise stronger enforcement of sanctions on Iranian oil exports. Consequently, Iranian oil exports are at risk, regardless of whether a wider confrontation ensues in the Middle East.

Analyzing the potential impact, approximately 2.2 million barrels per day of net Iranian crude and condensate exports could be at risk, factoring in Iranian domestic demand and condensate production. The effectiveness of US sanctions enforcement, however, remains uncertain, especially considering China’s stance on Iranian oil imports.

Despite these uncertainties, the market outlook remains cautiously optimistic for now, with Brent Crude expected to hover around the USD 90 per barrel mark in the near term. Navigating through geopolitical tensions and fundamental factors, the oil market continues to adapt to evolving conflicts in the Middle East and beyond.

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