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SEB – Jordbruksprodukter, vecka 5 2012

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SEB Veckobrev Jordbruksprodukter - AnalysVinnare sedan föregående vecka har de olika veteterminerna varit med uppgångar på 4 till 5%. Eurex-terminerna på tyska grisar ligger 10% högre den här veckan, men det beror bara på att vi nu tittar på ett längre terminskontrakt än förra veckan. Det är dock en liten prisuppgång på gris i Europa och också en liten i USA.

I fokus för vetemarknaden har oron för ryskt exportstopp varit. Marknaden har också oroat sig för det kalla och torra vädret i Ryssland.

Oron för torkan i Argentina har lagt sig och när nederbörden kommit tillbaka anses majsskörden kunna stabilisera sig på 18 – 22 mt (USDA:s senaste WASDE låg på 23 mt). WASDE släpps nästa vecka.

Vete

Oro över det kalla vädret i Ryssland och Östeuropa samt ett eventuellt införande av ett ryskt exportförbud har fortsatt att driva vete priset uppåt.

Den ryska regeringen diskuterar frågan om att eventuellt införande av skatter / tullar på spannmålsexporten för att bromsa den höga exporttakten.

Jordbruksministeriet i Ryssland övervakar dock kontinuerligt volymen som exporteras, och som fortfarande är stabil, och kommer att basera sitt beslut på den volym som har exporterats per februari månad. I mitten av februari kommer regeringen att kunna estimera volymen för hela månaden och då ta ställning i frågan.

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SEB - Tendens / Prognos den 2 februari 2012Samtidigt betonar ministeriet att detta inte kan komma som någon överraskning för marknaden och att informationen som har cirkulerat om att skatter / tullar ska införas per april 2012 är ”helt grundlösa”. Som vi har skrivit om tidigare var Putin ute redan i oktober och pratade om att spannmålsexporten för 2011/12 skulle komma att uppgå till 24-25 miljoner ton och därefter skulle eventuella restriktioner införas för att inte ”landet skulle bli utan bröd och för att upprätthålla lager”.

Rosstat’s statistik visar att produktionen av spannmål och baljväxter i Ryssland under 2011 uppgår till 93.9 miljoner ton, inklusive 56,2 miljoner ton vete, 16,9 miljoner korn, 6,7 miljoner ton majs och 14,1 milj i andra sädesslag och baljväxter. Detta är en uppgång med 54 procent sedan 2010 då landet led av svår torka. Veteproduktionen är upp 36% och produktionen av korn har mer än fördubblats. Det är dock bara 3 procent högre än det 5-åriga genomsnittet. Majsproduktionen matchar rekordåret 2008. Den enorma ökningen är nästan helt och hållet avkastningsrelaterad, då odlad areal endast ökade med 1 procent från 2010 till 43,6 miljoner hektar.

Som ett resultat av den stora spannmålsskörden ökade också exporten av spannmål kraftigt under första halvan av året (juli – december 2011) där Ryssland exporterade över 18 miljoner ton spannmål och baljväxter, inklusive 14,8 miljoner ton vete och det var tre av Rysslands södra regioner (Rostov oblast, Krasnodar och Stavropol krays) som stod för 85 procent av och den totala exporten. Den totala exporten för 2011/12 väntas nå 24 miljoner ton. Trots de höga exportsiffrorna under det första halvåret kommer det att bli en betydlig nedgång i exporttakten under den andra halvan av 2011/12 (januari – juni). Dels är exportpotentialen från de tre södra regionerna i stort sett klar och kommer därmed att vara nästan obefintlig de sista månaderna, dels är det problem med logistiken under vinterhalvåret. Den inhemska efterfrågan på spannmål till foderindustrin är också fortsatt stark och lagren av spannmål för export har minskat.

Vädret har också ställt till det i Ukraina då svårt frost i de flesta ukrainska regioner dramatiskt har bromsat takten på landets spannmålsexport.

En temperatur på runt minus 20 grader gör det i stort sett omöjligt att lasta spannmål på järnvägsvagnar inne i landet medan stark vind och snö hindrar lastningen i hamnarna och flera stora fartyg ligger bara och väntar.

Nedan ser vi kursdiagrammet för marskontraktet på Matif, där priset rusat över motståndet på 217, men faktiskt gick ner på onsdagskvällen och stängde under. Det är en negativ signal.

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Vete - Diagram över analys den 1 februari 2012

Nedan ser vi novemberkontraktet, som inte bröt ur sin konsolidering i tisdags morse, men som ännu inte nått motståndsnivån på 205 euro.

Vete - Diagram och grafer den 1 februari 2012

Matif har gått ännu mer i backwardation och contangot har minskat för Chicagovetet. Det talas om att den europeiske bonden inte säljer något, utan sitter och håller på sin spannmål. Vi tänker, det kan bli trångt i dörren framåt våren, när alla vill sälja samtidigt.

Vete - Diagram och grafer den 1 februari 2012

Vi tror att vi såg en ”key reversal day” igår i och med att marskontraktet tvärvände under dagen och stängde på den lägsta nivån. Ett sådant omslag från uppgång till tvär nedgång brukar vara värt att ta fasta på.

Maltkorn

Maltkornet har handlats upp eftersom vetet handlats upp. Det finns inget specifikt att säga om maltkornet.

Maltkorn - Diagram över pris den 1 februari 2012

Potatis

Priset på industripotatis ligger kvar på samma nivå som förra veckan för skörd 2012.

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Potatis (euro potato) - Prisdiagram den 1 februari 2012

Nedan ser vi terminskurvan framåt i tiden. Årets låga priser väntas alltså inte bestå.

Potatis (euro potato) - Terminskurva den 1 februari 2012

Majs

Väntad skörd i Argentina håller på att stabilisera sig på 18-21 mt, som är lägre än vad USDA förutspådde i januari-WASDE. Nedan ser vi att priset på decemberkontraktet ligger precis under en motståndslinje. Brott upp genom den är ett tecken på styrka och att vi i så fall skulle kunna få se en fortsatt prisuppgång.

Majs - Corn future - Prisdiagram den 1 februari 2012

Nedan ser vi terminskurvorna för vete (contango) och majs (backwardation).

Terminskurvorna för vete (contango) och majs (backwardation) - 1 februari 2012

Vete är 60 punds bushel, men här har jag räknat om priserna så att de båda är uttryckta som majsens 56 punds bushels.

Sojabönor

Sodrugestvo och Grain Ukraine förutspår en rekordskörd av sojabönor i Ukraina under 2012/13. Lönsamheten är 100-150% på grödan. Bara solrosor och majs har högre lönsamhet. Det finns gott om utsäde. Förfruktsfördelarna har ett högt värde för korn och vete. Tekniskt ser finns ingen signal ännu.

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Sojabönor (soybean) - Prisdiagram för terminer den 1 februari 2012

Raps

Novemberkontraktet har brutit motståndet, men ännu inte gått över pristoppen i juli. Så länge det inte sker, har vi inte någon stor trendvändning.

Raps (rapeseed) - Tekniskt pris den 1 februari 2012

Mjölk

Nedan ser vi priset på marskontraktet på flytande mjölk (kontakt avräknat mot USDA:s prisindex). Vi tror fortfarande att priset kan gå ner till 16 och att prisnedgången är ”halvvägs”.

Mjölk - Milk future - Terminspriser den 1 februari 2012

Gris

Priset på lean hogs har brutit uppåt, och befinner sig därmed fortfarande i det breda intervall som priset pendlat inom det senaste året.

Gris (lean hogs) - Prisprognos den 1 februari 2012

Priset i Europa har betett sig på samma sätt. Nedan ser vi det vid var tid kortaste terminskontraktet (närmast spot). Det ser ut som om priset stigit kraftigt, men det beror bara på att det kontrakt som var kortast tidigare förfallit och att det kortaste nu, ligger på en högre nivå pga säsongseffekten.

Lean hogs future - Grafer den 1 februari 2012Lean hogs (gris) - Terminskurvor den 1 februari 2012

Valutor

EURSEK – försöker korrigera nedgången. Vi har en neutral rekommendation på både en veckas sikt och tre månaders.

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EURSEK - Pris diagram den 1 februari 2012

EURUSD – i rekyl fortfarande Rekommendation: Neutral på en veckas sikt. Negativ på tre månader.

EURUSD - Prisdiagram den 1 februari 2012

USDSEK – söker efter en botten i korrektionen nedåt Vi har en neutral rekommendation på en veckas sikt, men är positive på tre månader.

USDSEK - Valuta - Prisdiagram den 1 februari 2012

[box]SEB Veckobrev Jordbruksprodukter är producerat av SEB Merchant Banking och publiceras i samarbete och med tillstånd på Råvarumarknaden.se[/box]

Disclaimer

The information in this document has been compiled by SEB Merchant Banking, a division within Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB (publ) (“SEB”).

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Opinions contained in this report represent the bank’s present opinion only and are subject to change without notice. All information contained in this report has been compiled in good faith from sources believed to be reliable. However, no representation or warranty, expressed or implied, is made with respect to the completeness or accuracy of its contents and the information is not to be relied upon as authoritative. Anyone considering taking actions based upon the content of this document is urged to base his or her investment decisions upon such investigations as he or she deems necessary. This document is being provided as information only, and no specific actions are being solicited as a result of it; to the extent permitted by law, no liability whatsoever is accepted for any direct or consequential loss arising from use of this document or its contents.

About SEB

SEB is a public company incorporated in Stockholm, Sweden, with limited liability. It is a participant at major Nordic and other European Regulated Markets and Multilateral Trading Facilities (as well as some non-European equivalent markets) for trading in financial instruments, such as markets operated by NASDAQ OMX, NYSE Euronext, London Stock Exchange, Deutsche Börse, Swiss Exchanges, Turquoise and Chi-X. SEB is authorized and regulated by Finansinspektionen in Sweden; it is authorized and subject to limited regulation by the Financial Services Authority for the conduct of designated investment business in the UK, and is subject to the provisions of relevant regulators in all other jurisdictions where SEB conducts operations. SEB Merchant Banking. All rights reserved.

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Analys

Metals rallied ahead of spot fundamentals, but better times are indeed ahead

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SEB - analysbrev på råvaror

Industrial metals rallied close to 25% from 1 Dec-2023 to 20 May-2024 as marginal optimism replaced recession fears. But prices have pulled back a bit since then as economic growth optimism has run ahead of spot fundamentals. Industrial metals prices rallied close to 25% from 1 Dec-2023 to 20 May-2024. A solid gain on the back of reviving optimism as global manufacturing PMI’s rose from depressed levels in December to now just above the 50-line. Speculative money rolled into the space to catch a ride on economic revival as well as wanting to hold commodities as a sort of protection against inflation. But the actual state of the global economy isn’t all that strong yet.

Bjarne Schieldrop, Chief analyst commodities, SEB
Bjarne Schieldrop, Chief analyst commodities, SEB

Rather it is quite weak in absolute terms with the global manufacturing PMI barely just above the 50-line and barely in expansionary territory. Thus, prompt weaknesses can be seen in many places in both metals and energy with rising inventories and weakening curve structures and premiums. The price rally has thus been on a collision course with spot fundamentals. And that eventually helped to bring metals prices back down a bit since 20 May.

That said we do hold the view that there are better times ahead. Consumer prices are cooling, Covid-19 induced inflation is fading and central banks across the world are set to lower policy rates over the coming year. The ECB just cut its policy rate by 0.25% which is the first cut in 5 years. We think other central banks will follow suite as inflation cools around the world. And that is the real start of economic revival. The global economy will then shift from current patchy growth here and there to a more broad-based upturn. And as such the investors who have driven the bull-train so far will likely be right in the end. It is just a bit early.

Brent Crude. Steady as we go: OPEC+ keeps on holding large volumes off market to support prices. The group has flagged that it wants to return volumes to market but is in no hurry to do so. Fading shale oil growth is shifting market power back to OPEC+.

Nat gas TTF. Crisis behind us but still some tightness. The crisis is now clearly behind us, but the market is still on the tight side with some need for demand destruction as the global LNG market has not yet fully managed to compensate lost Russian gas.

EUA carbon. The trough is behind us. Back to EUR 100/ton in 2025. The EUA price crashed to EUR 49.54/ton intraday on 23 Feb depressed by a crash in nat gas prices, low emissions and front-loading of supply. Prepare for EUR 100/ton or more in 2025.

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Aluminum 3mth. Too far, too fast. Back to USD 2400/ton before gains in 2025. Aluminum has rallied more than USD 400/ton since February to now USD 2613/ton without support from a comparable gain in coal prices or drawdown in inventories. Helped higher by speculative appetite and increased friction in global trade flows due to new sanctions on Russian metals.

Copper 3mth. Prompt market not that tight. Back above USD 10,000/ton in 2025. The LME 3mth rallied to USD 10,889/ton (LME 3mth) and US Comex copper rallied to USD 11,285/ton. Rally was driven by tightness in the US (IRA++) and speculators frontrunning economic acceleration and global copper deficit. But signs of physical weaknesses many places to be seen in premiums and curves. Flat price now coming back off.  But back up above USD 10,000/ton in 2025 and later as market tightens.

Nickel 3mth. Dragged along with the copper rally but Indonesia still looking to grab more market share. The LME 3mth nickel price rallied to USD 21,615/ton in May, dragged along with the industrial metals rally. But decline has been sharp since then. We are not very bullish on Nickel going forward as Indonesia seems to focus on growing market share rather than profits.

Zinc: Joined the rally. Now back down to USD 2800/ton which could be fair price nearest years. The zinc price spent a long time around USD 2500/ton before rallying to USD 3139/ton. But USD 2800/ton will likely be a fair price for zinc the nearest years.

SEB commodities price outlook
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ECB rate cut and assurances from OPEC+ lifts Brent back to 80

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SEB - analysbrev på råvaror

Back up to the 80-line. Brent crude rose to a close of  USD 79.87/b yesterday and recovered another 1.9% of its recent losses. This morning Brent crude is trading just above the 80-line (+0.2%) aligning well with some smaller gains in industrial metals as well as gains in Asian equities. Market focusing on US payrolls later today. Too hot or too cold?

Bjarne Schieldrop, Chief analyst commodities, SEB
Bjarne Schieldrop, Chief analyst commodities, SEB

Reassurances from OPEC+ helps to drive Brent back up. Brent dropped to USD 76.76/b (intraday) on Tuesday following the OPEC+ meeting last Sunday. That was the lowest since early February this year. Shocked by the price drop, OPEC+ was propelled to issue statements with assurances that they didn’t really mean what they said or say what they meant and that they in no way is shifting away from ”price over volume” with a shift to an aggressive claw-back of market shares. At least not yet. And yes, the group did state explicitly last Sunday that they would only put the 2 m b/d of voluntary cuts back into the market from Q4-24 to Q3-25 if market circumstances would allow it. And no one really believes that there will be room for the return of that volume to the market in that period. So basically it won’t happen. But the issued statements last Sunday still rings very clear to the market: The current production cuts by OPEC+ are not forever. So to all non-OPEC+ producers: Do prepare, do make room, for the return of these volumes. in the years to come. The frustration among the member states of the cartel must be rising steadily as quarter after quarter is passing by and yet again there is no room to return their cuts back into the market. 

ECB rate cuts gives hopes for economic acceleration and oil demand growth. ECB yesterday reduced its policy rate for the first time since 2016 as inflation is coming under control. The hope is that this is the beginning of further rate cuts across many central banks around the world as inflation is coming under control not just in Europe but also across most of the world. And of course further that this will be the start of a more broad based economic acceleration and thus stronger oil demand growth. That is for sure what OPEC+ is hoping for. That stronger oil demand growth will make room for a return of the group’s cuts.

US crude oil production rises to 13.18 m b/d in March, a mere 77 k b/d MoM gain. The US EIA projected in its May report that US crude oil production will continue to rise to 13.9 m b/d by Dec-2025. A slower, but still steady going growth in supply. The latest gains could however indicate that US crude production may flatten totally rather than rise further as current oil prices have done nothing to stimulate further drilling activity in US oil production since November last year. The official monthly US crude oil production for March came in at 13.18 m b/d. It is a recovery following a hard winter with difficult drilling conditions. But it is still below the Dec production level. Nothing would be sweeter news for OPEC+ than seeing US crude production fully flatten here onward. And it would indeed be the correct choice of action by US shale oil producers given that non-OPEC+ producers now has gotten notice: Cuts are not forever.

US crude oil production rises to 13.18 m b/d in March and a mere gain of 77 k b/d MoM and still below Dec-2025.

US crude oil production rises to 13.18 m b/d in March and a mere gain of 77 k b/d MoM and still below Dec-2025.
Source: SEB graph, Blbrg data feed, US EIA data

US EIA is projecting that US crude production will continue to rise and rise though more gradually

US EIA is projecting that US crude production will continue to rise and rise though more gradually
Source: SEB graph, Blbrg data feed, US EIA data
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Crude oil comment: Fundamentals are key – more volatility ahead

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SEB - analysbrev på råvaror

This week, Brent Crude prices have declined by USD 2.5 per barrel (3%) since the market opened on Monday. The key driver behind this movement was the OPEC+ meeting last Sunday. Initially, prices fell sharply, with Brent touching USD 76.76 per barrel on Tuesday (June 4th); however, there has been a slight recovery since, with current trading around USD 78.5/bl.

Ole R. Hvalbye, Analyst Commodities, SEB
Ole R. Hvalbye, Analyst Commodities, SEB

Despite ongoing macroeconomic concerns, price movements have been relatively subdued in the first half of 2024, largely driven by fundamental factors—specifically, concerns around supply and demand, where US DOE data and OPEC+ strategy, remain central to price dynamics.

The US inventory report on Wednesday contributed to bearish market sentiment due to an overall increase in commercial inventories. Following the report, prices dipped approximately USD 1/bl before returning to earlier levels in the week.

According to the US DOE, there was a build in US crude inventories of 1.2 million barrels last week, totaling 455.9 million barrels—around 4% below the five-year average for this period, yet significantly less than the 4.1 million barrels anticipated by the API on Tuesday (see page 11 attached). Gasoline inventories also rose by 2.1 million barrels, slightly less than API’s 4 million barrel expectation, and remain about 1% below the five-year average. Meanwhile, distillate (diesel) inventories saw a substantial increase of 3.2 million barrels, maintaining a position 7% under the five-year average but exceeding the expected 2 million barrels projected by API.

Globally, bearish to sideways price movements during May can be attributed to a healthy build in global crude inventories coupled with stagnant demand. US DOE data exemplifies this with both an increase in commercial crude inventories and rising crude oil imports, which averaged 7.1 million barrels per day last week—a 300k barrel increase from the previous week. Over the past four weeks, crude oil imports averaged 6.8 million barrels per day, reflecting a 3.5% increase compared to the same period last year.

Product demand shows signs of weakening. Gasoline products supplied to the US market averaged 9.1 million barrels a day, a 1% decrease from the previous year, while distillate supplied averaged 3.7 million barrels a day, down a significant 3.4% from last year. In contrast, jet fuel supply has increased by 13% compared to the same four-week period last year.

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OPEC+ Strategic Shifts

OPEC+ has markedly shifted its strategy from focusing solely on price stability to a dual emphasis on price and volume (more in yesterday’s crude oil comment). Since the COVID-19-induced demand collapse in May 2020, OPEC+ has adeptly managed supply levels to stabilize the market. This dynamic is evolving; OPEC+ no longer adjusts supplies solely based on global demand shifts or non-OPEC+ production changes.

Echoing a strategic move similar to Saudi Arabia’s in 2014, OPEC+ has signaled a nuanced approach. The alliance has planned no production changes for Q3-24 to align supply with expected seasonal demand increases, aiming to maintain market balance. Beyond that, there’s a plan to gradually reintroduce 2 million barrels per day from Q4-24 to Q3-25, with an initial increase of 750,000 barrels per day by January 2025. However, this plan is flexible and subject to adjustment depending on market conditions.

The IEA’s May report forecasts a decrease in OPEC’s call by 0.5 million barrels per day by 2025—a potential loss in market share, which OPEC+ finds unacceptable. The group has openly rejected further cuts, signaling an end to its willingness to lose market share to maintain price stability.

This stance serves as a clear warning to non-OPEC+ producers, particularly US shale operators, that the market shares gained since 2020 are not theirs to keep indefinitely. OPEC+ is determined to reclaim its volumes, potentially influencing future production decisions across the global oil industry. Producers now face the strategic decision to potentially scale back on production increases for 2025.

The confluence of a continuing build in US inventories and OPEC+’s strategic shifts has led to market reactions. In the wake of OPEC+ rhetoric, evaluating the fundamentals is now more important than ever, and increased volatility is expected.

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Even though OPEC+ has signaled its intention to reclaim market share, it plans to maintain current production levels for the next three months while continuously evaluating the situation. Today, Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, the Saudi Energy Minister, spoke at the International Economic Forum in St. Petersburg. He highlighted that Sunday’s agreement, like many before it, retains the option to ’pause or reverse’ production changes if deemed necessary. This statement subtly emphasizes that maintaining oil price stability and market balance remains a primary focus for OPEC+. Such rhetoric introduces a new dimension of uncertainty that market participants will need to consider going forward.

If the price continues to fall, OPEC+ remains intent on reclaiming ’their volumes,’ betting on a decrease in non-OPEC supply later this year and into 2025. A potentially weaker oil price, within the USD 70-80/bl range for the remainder of 2024, could help alleviate current inflationary pressures. This in turn may lead to earlier central bank rate cuts and a quicker economic recovery in 2025, thereby reviving global oil demand to the benefit of OPEC+.

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