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Great Panther Silver, how to become a successful and profitable silver producer




Henk J Krasenberg at European Gold Centre

Henk J Krasenberg

I had the pleasure to discover Great Panther when it was in the early stages of growing into the successful and profitable silver producer that it is today. I was fascinated by the mining developments in Mexico and it was the dedication of the two driving forces that have been behind the emergence of Great Panther from an exploration company to a mature silver producer with two fully operating mines. After several years of exploration activities, Bob Archer and his business partner Francisco Ramos made choices. They set their goals and they followed the path that they had set out. Great Panther was to become a profitable primary silver producer with a strong leverage to future rises in the price of silver.

Great Panther Silver Ltd

It was May 2005, when I introduced the company to my readers, just a little over 12 months after they acquired the then idle Topia Mine. The shares were selling at C$0.45 while silver prices averaged around $7.00 per ounce. Based on my evaluation, I concluded my report with ”I find Great Panther distinctly undervalued at a current market capitalization of just over C$10 million. This will not last very much longer, mark my words!”

The path has not been particularly easy, but which business is? The two mines that they acquired each had their problems. They were not in good shape technologically, there were management problems, the price of silver was low, and the popularity of the mines in their regions left a lot to be desired. But Bob and Francisco had the vision that they could improve those circumstances and accomplish it over time, helped by their ability to recognize mining talent and assemble a good team and by their ability to raise the necessary capital.

And look at how things are today. Their two mines, the Guanajuato Mine and the Topia Mine, are 100% owned, fully operating, well-managed, in excellent shape, producing profitably in a mining-friendly environment and set out to grow over the next few years.

From exploration to two profitable silver producing mines

For 2012, total production is estimated to be appr. 20% higher than in 2011:

silver:   1.72 to 1.90 million ounces, up from appr. 1.51 million ounces,
gold:     10,000 to 11,000 ounces, up from appr. 7,800 ounces,
lead:     2.50 to 2.80 million pounds, up from appr. 2.00 million pounds,
zinc:     3.30 to 3.60 million pounds, up from appr. 2.90 million pounds.

In addition to the two producing properties, the project pipeline includes the San Ignacio Property which is in development and the Santa Rosa Project where the first drilling programs have started this year. Intensive drilling is continuing at all four projects.

The development of Great Panther over the last few years can best be demonstrated by the following graphics:

this chart shows the continuous growth of the ’net smelter revenue’ and ’earnings from mining operations’:

Net smelter revenue - Great Panther Silver

this chart shows the development of the ’gross margin percentage’ at the two mines, it has been steadily increasing over the past four years:

Gross margin percentage for Great Panther Silver mines

this chart reflects that the ’NI 43-101 compliant resources’ started from zero in 2006 and have increased with every drill program, even after substracting what has been mined:

AG EQ Oz resources - Great Panther Silver

this table gives the total ’reserves & resources’ at both mines:

Reserves and resources for Great Panther Silver mines

These figures show that on basis of the currently known reserves and resources the production can continue to run smoothly and allow increasing the production capacities at the mines. They also show that there are healthy quantities of ore in the pipeline to eventually be upgraded from the inferred to the measured & indicated and from the measured & indicated to the proven & probable categories.

I think it would suffice to say that these graphics show the remarkable progress that Great Panther made over the last 5 years in a way that most serious and longer-term shareholders like to see.

The Projects

Topia Mine

Topia Mine silverAs mentioned before, the current success started to shape up with the acquisition of the situated in the Sierra Madre mineral belt in the State of Durango. The mine had been in production from 1952 to 1999, the largest period by Peñoles, the largest silver producer of Mexico. When Great Panther acquired it in February 2004, the mine was idle and not particularly in an up-to-date shape. Upon reviewing the geological documentation and initial exploration drilling, management estimated they could bring the mine back to production by the end 2005. They started up operations and the first net smelter revenues came by 2006 and very modest first earnings by 2007.

The Topia mine is a high grade, narrow vein underground mining operation where the ores are mined from 16 different veins and are transported by trucks to the central processing plant. In 2011, metal production amounted to 789,609 ounces of silver equivalent, including 535,881 ounces of silver with an estimated cash cost of $14- 15 per ounces of silver, net of by-product proceeds. The principal mining areas are the Argentina and San Gregorio zones where production will be further expanding while mining will be commencing now also from the La Prieta zone. Next to the ongoing intensive exploration activities at the Topia property, the company is expanding its territory by acquiring additional claims in the district.

Map of Great Panther Silver mines and resources

When the Topia Mine was not yet up and running, Great Panther found another opportunity and acquired an 100% interest in the Guanajuato Mine Complex comprising a group of producing silver-gold mines, including the Valenciana Mine, once said to be the richest silver mine in the world, situated in the State of Guanajuato. Great Panther acquired this mine in May 2005 after completing a satisfactory due diligence and having received a positive NI 43-101 technical report. They acquired it from a mining-cooperative where debts and losing money had negatively influenced the mining operations and not allowed any appreciable amount of exploration. This Guanajuato Mine is now Great Panther’s flagship operation. The Guanajuato mines are underground operations using primarily cut-and-fill mining methods. The ore is mined from two operating shafts and three ramps, and then processed to produce high quality, precious metal-rich concentrate which is transported to smelters for extraction of silver and gold. Silver and gold production over 2011 amounted to a total of 959,490 ounces of silver and 7,515 ounces of gold. Net of the credit from the proceeds of the byproduct gold, the silver is produced at an estimated cost of $7-8 per ounce.

Guanajuato Mine complex

Currently, mining and developing are mainly focused at the Cata Shaft and at the Guanajuatito area, while a new exploration program is being conducted at the famous Valenciana area with surface and deep drilling. Exploration and development are ongoing with the objective to building resources to increase mine life and production. The plant was recently totally refurbished with the objective to further increase through-put and improve recoveries.

The next project in Great Panther’s pipeline is situated near the Guanajuato, the San Ignacio Mine Property which was acquired in 2005 as part of the property package that came with the Guanajuato transaction. The property is located within trucking distance from the Cata Plant at the Guanajuato complex.

An interesting observation can be made at the San Ignacio Mine property. It covers approximately 4 km of strike length on the La Luz vein system –silver was discovered there as early as the year 1548 (!)- and is contiguous with Endeavour Silver’s producing Bolanitos Mine property. The San Ignacio Mine exploited only about 500 m of strike length along one of the three known structures on the property. There was no record of any previous exploration elsewhere on the claim block but recently, some drawings of old Spanish era mine workings in the southern part of the property were found. Production records from 1977 to 2001 indicate that a total of Topia silver mine617,455 tonnes at a grade of 113g/t silver and 1.01g/t gold were extracted from this small portion of the property. This is similar to the grade that was mined at Guanajuato prior to Great Panther’s purchase of the mines in 2005 after which it has more than doubled this grade since then with its increased grade control and improved mining methods. As there is no processing facility at San Ignacio, ore was trucked back to the Cata Plant in the main Guanajuato mine complex, approximately 20 km by road. History can repeat itself here!

As Great Panther needed all its attention and human resources to reviving and developing the main Guanajuato complex, no work was conducted on the property and the being placed on care-and-maintenance San Ignacio mine until September 2010. Since then however, things have been moving in the right direction quite swiftly. Ex- and intensive work programs included sampling, surface drilling, silver discoveries from the first drill hole, more drilling, more multiple zone silver discoveries, phases II and III drilling, again encouraging results, preparing an Environmential Impact Assessment, positive decision to establish a mine portal and drive a decline ramp from surface to access the veins for underground mining, permitting, trucking ore to the Guanajuato plant where capacity allows for doubling ore throughput, an initial NI 43-101 Inferred mineral resource estimate of 4.5 million ounces of silver equivalent, continuing drilling extending strike length. At this time, the permitting process for a new portal and ramp is underway. Similar to the San Ignacio property but in an earlier stage of exploration is the Santa Rosa Project also situated in the vicinity of the Guanajuato Cata plant, having old mine workings but no production records and no known resources. This property is on a similar trend to and bear the same characteristics as the El Cubo goldsilver mine, where AuRico Gold has established 620,000 ounces of gold equivalent in reserves. After initial exploratory work, drilling is scheduled to commence in the first quarter of this year.

Social Aspects

One of the major ingredients for conducting mining and exploration actvities successfully is to focus on sustainable mining operations and making social community programs an imminent part of total operations. Certainly in a guest country as Mexico where in many cases, the population did not really prosper from the mining operations in their region. I know that management have taken these responsibilities very seriously so they fully deserved receiving their first distinction as a ”Socially Responsible Company” from CEMEFI, Centro Mexicano para la Filantropía in March 2011. A milestone and accomplishment. Bravo!

My Comment

Back in 2005, the shares were selling for C$0.45, good for a market capitalization of C$10.1 million. After reaching an all-time high of C$4.90 in the spring of 2011, the shares now trade at C$2.60, giving the company a current market cap of over C$370 million. In the same period, the price of silver has increased from US$7.00 to US$34.35. Considering the comparisons, we may conclude that the share price of Great Panther is more following the price of silver than the real corporate developments. Does that mean that it doesn’t matter which silver stock you buy, to get rewarded equally to what the silver price directs? I don’t think so.

Share price chart for Great Panther SilverBut I do think that the real difference will be made when the markets of silver and silver shares will finally get what they deserve, which is true attention and demand from worldwide investors. That will certainly happen when the currently lingering gold price will finally break through to the upside as I and several other metal watchers expect. Quite a few of them expect that then silver will be likely to outperform gold. Although a case for that thesis can be made for good reasons, I am not truly convinced that will indeed happen. In my opinion gold and silver shares are equal plays to the gold and silver prices. They should both be in every decent investment portfolio, expressly in these times.

I consider the shares of Great Panther an excellent investment idea, because management, both at the corporate end in Vancouver and at the mining end in Mexico, have proven that they will be able to further build the company to reach the goal that was set in 2004: to become a leading and profitable primary silver producer and establish long-term shareholder value. I am convinced that they will accomplish reaching that goal over the next few years.

Summarizing, why do I feel so strong about Great Panther? Among other things because of the following stimulants:

  • capable, expertised, dedicated, target-driven, innovative management,
  • primary silver producer with good product mix, 71% silver, 20% gold and 9% lead-zinc,
  • two technically up-to-date, 100% owned mines in Mexico, unhedged silver and gold, no royalties,
  • strong organic growth in existing project portfolios and alert for producing acquisitions,
  • target set to reach production of 5+ million ounces of silver equivalent,
  • target set to reach 40+ million ounces silver equivalent resource,
  • corporate development will increase value when silver prices remain steady,
  • well-positioned in Mexico, the largest silver producer in the world,
  • attractive project portfolio pipeline with 2 mines in production, 1 project in development and 1 project in exploration,
  • great potential for internal growth from existing projects, strongly growing profitability from current production level,
  • well-financed and strong cash and cash equivalents base, no long term debt, excellent liquidity on TSX and NYSE Amex,
  • my appreciation for what has been accomplished in the last 5 years and my confidence in what will be accomplished in the next 5 year,
  • my personal outlook for much higher gold and silver prices in the next few years, based on current and future world fundamentals and political/economical developments.

It will be my pleasure to continue following Great Panther Silver as a company and as an investment vehicle for a long time to come. You should too!

Henk J. Krasenberg
European Gold Centre


European Gold Centre

European Gold Centre analyzes and comments on gold, other metals & minerals and international mining and exploration companies in perspective to the rapidly changing world of economics, finance and investments. Through its publications, The Centre informs international investors, both institutional and private, primarily in Europe but also worldwide, who have an interest in natural resources and investing in resource companies.

The Centre also provides assistance to international mining and exploration companies in building and expanding their European investor following and shareholdership.

Henk J. Krasenberg

After my professional career in security analysis, investment advisory, porfolio management and investment banking, I made the decision to concentrate on and specialize in the world of metals, minerals and mining finance. From 1983 to 1992, I have been writing and consulting about gold, other metals and minerals and resource companies.

The depressed metal markets of the early 1990’s led me to a temporary shift. I pursued one of my other hobbies and started an art gallery in contemporary abstracts, awaiting a new cycle in metals and mining. That started to come in the early 2000’s and I returned to metals and mining in 2002 with the European Gold Centre.

With my GOLDVIEW reports, I have built an extensive institutional investor following in Europe and more of a private investor following in the rest of the world. In 2007, I introduced my MINING IN AFRICA publication, to be followed by MINING IN EUROPE in 2010 and MINING IN MEXICO in 2012.

For more information: www.europeangoldcentre.com

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AI ökar det totala elbehovet i USA med 100 % kommande 15 år



Stad med elektricitet

De stora tech-företagen i USA har varit drivande i att utveckla marknaden för fossilfri energi. De vill ha fossilfri energi och har inte bara pratat utan skrivit många storskaliga avtal och lagt pengar på att det byggts mer produktion. Men nu står tech-bolagen och elproducenterna inför enorma utmaningar, för AI kräver stora mängder elektricitet.

Om vi går tillbaka till 2021 så var elbolagens prognoser att efterfrågan på elektricitet i USA under kommande 15 år skulle öka med några få procent. Inte per år, utan några få procent över hela perioden på 15 år.

Stora elbolag har planeringscykler på 10 år, de har ingen vana av att plötsligt i högt tempo dubblera produktionen.

Men vid 2023 förändrades prognosen helt och hållet, då blev prognosen att efterfrågan på elektricitet skulle öka med 100 procent på 15 år.

Bloomberg-podden Odd Lots har bjudit in Brian Janous för ett samtal om situationen. Han är medgrundare och chefsstrateg på Cloverleaf Infrastructure och var tidigare 12 år på Microsoft som företagets första anställd med fokus på energi och har därför på nära håll sett utvecklingen inom datacenter och deras elbehov.

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Fortum och Vargön Alloys tecknar femårigt avtal om kärnkraftsel



Vargön Alloys producerar

En framgångsrik omställning kräver stora mängder pålitlig och prisvärd fossilfri el skriver Fortum. Företaget har nu skrivit ett femårigt avtal om att leverera kärnkraftsel till Vargön Alloys.

”Vår uppgift är att se till att elen finns tillgänglig precis när våra kunder behöver den. Långsiktiga partnerskap spelar här en viktig roll.”

Avtalet omfattar elleveranser på 0,4 TWh per år och inkluderar ursprungsgarantier för kärnkraft i SE3 för hela volymen. Leveranserna börjar i december 2024. Vargön Alloys AB, beläget vid Göta Älv i Vänersborg, är en av Europas största tillverkare av ferrokrom, den legering som ger stålet dess hårdhet och motståndskraft mot korrosion.

– Jag är mycket förväntansfull inför de möjligheter som avtalet med Fortum ger oss som företag. Vårt partnerskap representerar en gemensam vilja att ta ett hållbarhetsansvar och vi ser att detta kommer ha en positiv påverkan för vår verksamhet, det säger Anders Lehman, vd Vargön Alloys.

Avtalet bidrar till Fortums strategiska mål om att ha minst 20 procent av sin produktion, under en rullande tioårsperiod, prissäkrad.

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Kärnkraftreaktorutvecklaren Blykalla har gjort en kapitalanskaffning på 80 Mkr



Närbild på en del av Blykallas kärnkraftsreaktor

Blykalla har genomfört en kapitalanskaffning om 80 miljoner kronor. Rundan leddes av Norrsken Launcher tillsammans med Nucleation Capital, med deltagande från Earth Venture Capital, Farvatn och flera privata investerare.

Det tillförda kapitalet kommer att vara avgörande för Blykallas industrialisering av sin avancerade kärnreaktor, SEALER (Swedish Advanced Lead-cooled Reactor). SEALER är konstruerad för kommersiell kraftproduktion i ett mycket kompakt format, med unika säkerhetsfunktioner som möjliggörs av ett antal egenutvecklade innovationer.

En av dessa viktiga innovationer är Blykallas korrosionstoleranta stållegeringar, som möjliggör effektiv kylning av reaktorer med flytande bly. Med detta tekniska genombrott säger Blykalla att de kan uppnå effektiv serieproduktion, vilket leder till snabbare driftsättning och lägre kostnader än konventionell kärnkraft. SEALER gör det också möjligt att använda kärnkraft för att minska koldioxidutsläppen i industriella tillämpningar genom produktion av vätgas, biokol och biobränsle, utöver lokal elproduktion. Slutligen bidrar denna teknik till att förverkliga en cirkulär avfallsmodell. Jämfört med konventionell kärnkraft kan SEALERs bränslecykel utvinna upp till 140 gånger mer energi ur uranmalm, vilket endast ger en bråkdel av avfallet, som behöver lagras under endast 1 % av deponeringstiden.

Rod Adams, Managing partner på Nucleation Capital, säger: ”Vi är mycket glada över att kunna investera i Blykalla, en grupp med unik och mycket konkurrenskraftig korrosionsskyddsteknik för användning i deras relativt mogna blykylda reaktorkonstruktion. Denna teknik kommer att göra det möjligt för dessa reaktorer att överträffa sig själva som en avancerad kärnkraftsdesign, som kan ge tillförlitlig och koldioxidfri kraft till energiköpare runt om i världen.”

Norrsken, som ledde bolagets såddrunda tillsammans med Uniper 2022, säger: ”Blykalla bygger ett team i världsklass för att ta företagets unika IP mot snabb industrialisering. Denna teknik kommer att vara avgörande för den europeiska övergången till grön, säker baskraft som så desperat behövs för att minska koldioxidutsläppen i industrin, säkra nätets tillförlitlighet och leverera på de enorma behoven av att driva AI”, enligt Erik Engellau-Nilsson, partner på Norrsken Launcher.

Tien Nguyen, grundande partner på Earth Venture Capital, kommenterar: ”Vår investering i Blykalla understryker vår fasta tro på deep-tech vid en tidpunkt då Sydostasiens behov av ren, hållbar energi är obestridligt. Med Indonesien, Singapore, Filippinerna och Thailand i spetsen beräknas efterfrågan på SMR-driven energi överstiga 10 GW år 2035. Detta återspeglar ett akut behov av energilösningar som kan driva på den ekonomiska tillväxten och samtidigt säkerställa ett hållbart klimat. Blykallas innovativa tillvägagångssätt är perfekt anpassat för att hantera denna utmaning och erbjuder en skalbar, effektiv energilösning.”

Blykalla är för närvarande i förberedande arbete för att licensiera tekniken i Sverige, en regulatorisk miljö som snabbt anpassas till utvecklingen av ny kärnkraft. Ett viktigt steg för att industrialisera och kvalificera tekniken är att bygga den elektriska testreaktorn i Oskarshamn, som utvecklas tillsammans med OKG (Unipers svenska dotterbolag) och KTH (Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan). Parallellt för företaget diskussioner med industriella partners för att stödja byggandet av kärnreaktorer för off-grid värme- och elproduktion. Blykalla har hittills mött marknadsintresse från aktörer inom gruv-, stål- och andra energiintensiva industrier.

Jacob Stedman, Blykallas VD, kommenterar: ”Det är fantastiskt att vara en del av denna kärnkraftsrenässans, och att se hur stort intresset för kärnkraft är från företag i takt med att de regulatoriska förutsättningarna faller på plats. SEALERs funktioner, kostnad och effekt gör den perfekt lämpad för industriella användare som vill minska koldioxidutsläppen och bli enda avnämare, eller till och med ägare, av SMR. Det speglar det starka och brådskande behovet från industrin att säkra tillgången till ren och konkurrenskraftig energi. Detta kommer trots allt att vara avgörande för branschens gröna omställning och fortsatta tillväxt.”

Blykalla på 1 minut
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